You can have as many as three, and as few as one. If you purchase the land at the same time you close a construction loan, and that construction loan is a “single close” construction loan, you can get by with just one set of closing costs, and one escrow. Three sets of closing costs would be incurred if you: 1) purchase the lot first, either paying cash or by getting a lot loan, 2) you obtain an interim construction loan when you have plans drawn and a builder lined up, and 3) you then obtain a “take out” loan to provide the permanent financing.
If you have found a lot, and you wish to use one of our low rate “single close” construction loans to acquire that lot, you need to have a long enough “close of escrow” written into the purchase contract on the lot so that you can obtain plans and select a builder in that time period. A construction loan can only close with architectural plans, a signed contract, and a cost breakdown with a builder based on those plans. From a practical standpoint, if you enter into a contract to purchase a lot, and you haven’t yet begun the process of developing plans with an architect, you’re probably going to have to obtain a lot loan or pay cash for that lot. The situation where it is easiest to use a “single close” construction loan to purchase the lot is when the lot is owned by the builder, and the builder has architectural plans for that lot that suit you.
Yes. This “rehab” construction loan can be a refinance on the home in which you live, or an acquisition rehab loan used to acquire a property and provide the funds for rehab/addition.
How much you can borrower is based on two sets of criteria. There will be an amount for which you can qualify using full income and asset documentation and a maximum 45% debt ratio. The maximum loan amount will also be limited to 80% (to $1M loan amount) of the lesser of two numbers representing the value of the home to be built. One of those values is based on what the property would be worth in today’s amrket, if finished already as planned. The other number is a cost number based on the current value of the property plus new construction costs. Above $1M loan amount we can do 75% to $1.5M, 70% to $2M, and 60% to $3M.
There is probably no reason to pay off your lot loan prior to the construction loan funding. If you have a lot loan, the new construction loan will pay off that lot loan just like any refinance would. The lot and the new improvements constitute only one piece of real estate, and the lot loan has to be paid off so the construction lender ends up in first lien position. If you pay the lot loan off prior to applying for a construction loan, you may be handcuffing yourself by putting too much cash into the deal. Construction loans are almost always “no cash” out loans, so it may not be possible to get this cash back on acceptable financing terms until one year after the home is complete. You are often better off having cash on hand during construction to handle upgrades and changes, especially if you are doing a loan without a contingency. In some cases, depending on your loan amount, acceptable loan-to-value percentage, and how much cash or equity you have in the deal, the lot may need to be free and clear to meet these criteria, but there is no overriding guideline that the lot needs to be free and clear in all cases.
A contingency is a line item in your cost breakdown that does not have a specific element of your build associated with it. If, during the course of construction, you decide you want some additional work done, or you decide you want to upgrade your materials (from granite tile to a slab of granite for example), you can used the money in your contingency item to do this. Without a contingency, you would have to pay “out of pocket” for these changes, since the loan amount on a construction loan cannot be increased during construction. A contingency is generally a good idea if there is room enough in your appraisal or total cost such that you are not already at the maximum loan to value percentage allowed at your loan amount. Naturally, you also have to be able to qualify for the higher loan amount necessitated by the inclusion of a contingency. You only pay interest on the amount borrowed, so you are not charged interest on unused contingency funds. By virtue of raising your loan amount, the inclusion of a contingency will slightly increase your points and some of your title and escrow fees.
In the days when there were many different construction lending options, some lenders allowed this. At this point in time, it can severely limit your construction loan options if you do more than push around some dirt, do site improvements like utilities and retaining walls, or do anything more than a slab foundation. Another possible problem with starting the build “out of pocket” is that when you are applying for a construction loan, your reserves have been depleted, and your file is not as strong.
Yes. An “interest reserve” account is permitted but not required. Anticipated interest for the construction period becomes part of the loan amount. In this case, the borrowers does not get a monthly bill for interest (single close construction loans are interest only during the construction period). As with a contingency item, “interest reserves” only make sense if there is “room in the deal”, and the borrowers are not already at the maximum allowable “loan-to-value” ratio, or at the maximum loan amount for which they can qualify. “Interest reserve” accounts are particularly useful when the borrowers are already making a house payment on their current residence.